Capitolio is a term historically related to a majestic building built in the ancient Roman Empire . It comprises three temples dedicated to the deities Jupiter, Juno and Minerva, and today it is a word that is widely linked to politics.


The word Capitolio comes from the Latin ” Capitolium “, which in turn is a derivative of the noun ” Caput ” which is equivalent to ” Head “, and symbolizes the head of a power. The Royal Spanish Academy defines it as “Building that, in some countries, houses the legislative bodies of the state.”

The first Capitolio

In the ancient Roman Empire the religious and political center was located in the
Capitolinus Mons , today it is called “ Campidoglio ” that is to say capitol in Italian, the square that forms it was traced by Michelangelo. In it are the Capitoline Museums and the seat of the mayor of Rome .

It was there that in 1957 the Treaty of Rome was signed, which gave rise to the European Economic Community and the European Atomic Energy Community.

The architecture of the Capitolio

Generally the design has been inspired by the United States Capitol , which is based on a neoclassical style. The first building of this style was built in 1705 in Williamsburg, Virginia. It is a dome that covers a central rotunda of which two wings are located in which the concerned legislative chambers are located.

In Venezuela, the Capitolio differs from the rest of those built in the American continent, although it has a neoclassical style like the rest, its elliptical dome bathed in gold make it unique.

The most important decisions that can shape the social future of citizens are made in many cases in the Capitol or parliamentary seat of a nation. This colossal building is witness to the discussion and approval of laws by the parliamentarians that compose it and where intense debates are usually seen.