Definition of Fungi
- Belonging to or related to the Fungi Kingdom. That is, the taxon of organisms that are classified as fungi in biology.
- Organisms that have intermediate characteristics between the Animal and Plant Kingdom. Commonly, they are called mushrooms.
ORIGIN OF FUNGI
The word fungi comes from the Latin fungus which means fungus. From this term the designation in Spanish is born and also in the case of the English language, which is fungus. A fungus is a eukaryotic-like microorganism. The microorganisms belonging to this kingdom, due to their characteristics, do not enter the classification of any other kingdom.
The fungi kingdom is made up of 144,000 different species of fungi, including yeasts, molds, and mushrooms. The science that is responsible for the study of this kingdom is mycology. The most well-known or popular mushrooms are mushrooms and yeast, however, many of them are used for food and other purposes by humans.
CURIOSITIES OF FUNGI
- One of the most relevant characteristics of the members of the fungi kingdom is that these microorganisms have the ability to decompose dead matter, and thus feed themselves.
- The fundamental characteristics of the fungi kingdom are:
- They do not have their own mobility.
- They have a cell wall.
- They grow as hyphae.
- There are fungi that have the ability to produce antibiotics , such as penicillin, which is derived from a fungus of the Penicillum family.
- Yeasts, which equally belong to this kingdom, are of great importance at the industrial level. Since, thanks to this, the production of certain products can be produced thanks to fermentation, such as beer and bread.
- Some of these can be edible such as mushrooms, they are also useful in gardening as decorative species.
- It should be noted that fungal diseases are called mycosis. Some of them are:
- Common ringworm of the head in children.
- Athlete’s foot or ringworm of the feet.
- Pityriasis versicolor