Fungi is a term commonly used in biology to designate a kingdom of microorganisms, which have similar characteristics. Stay at que-quiere-decir.com so you know everything about the definition of fungi. Shall we start?
Fungi is a Latin term, which is translated as mushroom. In biology the fungi kingdom is the kingdom where all fungi are described.
A fungus is a eukaryotic microorganism. The microorganisms belonging to this kingdom, due to their characteristics do not enter the classification of any other kingdom.
The fundamental characteristics of the fungi kingdom are:
- They do not have their own mobility.
- They have a cell wall.
- They grow as hyphae.
One of the most relevant characteristics of the members of the fungi kingdom is that these microorganisms have the ability to decompose dead matter, and in this way feed themselves.
The fungi kingdom is made up of 144,000 different species of fungi, including yeasts, molds, and mushrooms.
The science that deals with the study of this kingdom is mycology .
Some of these can be edible, such as the mushroom, they are also useful in gardening as decorative species.
Yeasts that equally belong to this kingdom, have great importance at the industrial level.
Since thanks to this, the production of certain products can be produced thanks to fermentation, such as beer and bread.
There are fungi that have the ability to produce antibiotics, as is the case of penicillin derived from a fungus of the Penicillum family.
Just as there are fungi that do not have any negative effect on health, there are some that are capable of causing diseases and being highly poisonous.
Some fungal diseases are:
- Ringworm common in children.
- Athlete’s foot or ringworm of the feet.
- Pityriasis versicolor
It should be noted that fungal diseases are called mycoses.