Hidroxicloroquine in English and Hydroxychloroquine in Spanish, is a component or active ingredient present in drugs used for malaria or malaria. This active ingredient differs from chloroquine in that it has a hydroxyl group in its chemical structure.
This apart from being used for malaria has important uses in the treatment of diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis. It should be noted that this must be used under a medical prescription.
The pharmaceutical form of this is in tablet, for oral consumption. It is absorbed in the digestive system and is eliminated in the urine. This can be found on the market as Plaquenil (commercial) or generic with the name of the active component.
Although they have positive effects in the control of the aforementioned diseases, it has undesirable effects that mainly affect vision.
These effects can range from blurred vision at a therapeutic dose, which can be reversible, to retinal changes that are usually irreversible.
In 2020, Hidroxicloroquine has played a fundamental role in coronavirus therapeutics. Since it has been effective in cases of complications from COVID-19 in combination with azithromycin.
Although it has not been defined as the only therapy for this disease.