Hipovolémico is a state in which the body has drastically lost a significant amount of blood. Among its different stages, there is the hypovolemic attack , which comes when the decrease has been such that it compromises the pumping of the heart.
It is an emergency condition, since the fundamental metabolic demand of the body cannot be met, thereby losing the oxygen supply. The organs stop working and the patient is unconscious.
When are we facing a hipovolémico shock?
The hipovolémico shock phase or is visibly manifested in symptoms such as low blood pressure, rapid pulse, and cold skin.
The tissues begin to suffer damage, along with the cardiovascular system. The cardiac muscles and blood vessels are directly affected.
hipovolémico trauma commonly results in deaths from sudden heart attacks. We are faced with Hipovolémico in drastic situations in which the body has suffered significant damage externally or internally.
The hipovolémico shock and all degrees sustain life at risk, especially at critical times of accidents or serious injury. It has even been identified as a cause of death from the Ebola virus, accompanied by multi-organ failure and the dissemination of organs.
A virus that had important waves in Africa during the 2014-2016 period. As well as a recent outbreak in the provinces of Kivu, in the Republic of Congo, in May 2020.
The hypovolemic state is extremely delicate, it is easier to prevent than to cure it for specialists.
hipovolémico shock: nursing care
The world nursing conventions indicate fairly detailed care for hypovolemic attacks . They prepare the ground for intervention on the state by ensuring the patency of the airway. Ventilation (oxygen concentration greater than 35%) is monitored, among other aspects.
They then proceed to control bleeding and replace lost plasma volumes. Hoping to restore circulation.
In hypovolemic shock, nursing actions are vital.
In controlling bleeding, a basic measure is direct pressure on the point of bleeding. And other tools such as tourniquet or vascular ligation.
When the bleeding is internal we speak of an even more delicate treatise. Primarily surgical interventions.
Depending on the affected area, saline washes of gastrointestinal bleeding are done, seeking the replacement of the intravascular volume.
hipovolémico shock: first aid
It should always be the first step to try to call the doctor or the emergency room, but an immediate hypovolemic shock treatment would be to put the affected person in a position of shock, with both legs slightly raised and the trunk on a flat surface.
If a neck injury is not suspected or evident, try to turn the victim’s head to the side. You have to keep the person comfortable and warm. At the same time as keeping her awake, calm and aware, since the loss of senses can be quite accelerated.